Common Diabetes Treatment Options For Adults

According to the American Diabetes Association, in 2011 a majority of diabetes cases are seen in individuals over the age of 20. In fact, 25.6 million or 11.3% of men and women are diagnosed with this disease.

The most common conditions are considered chronic or irreversible, and are divided into type 1 and type 2 categories. The diabetes treatment options for these two types vary between types and individuals (e.g. treatment options for seniors, children, etc.) because of the way glucose or sugar is broken down, released and regulated in the bloodstream.

Despite the differences, the primary goal is the same – to aid the body in the digestion and breakdown of glucose by using injections, medications and lifestyle changes, preventing a dangerous condition called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Options

There are very few diabetes treatment options available for adults, and some of the most severe cases can require a transplant of the pancreas. The only medication used to treat type 1 diabetes is done through direct injection into the bloodstream using one of the following methods:

  • The use of a fine needle and syringe
  • A pre-filled, disposable insulin pen containing a dial or gauge allowing the individual to easily control the dose given based on their current blood sugar levels
  • The release of rapid acting insulin through the use of an insulin pump, which is automatic in nature but requires some programming. This device is attached to the body by a catheter through the abdomen.

About Type 2 Diabetes

Affecting between 90 to 95% of those diagnosed with diabetes, this is the most commonly treated form of the disease found in adults. Individuals diagnosed with this condition do not produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels or the bodies’ cells ignore the insulin that is being produced and released into the bloodstream.

Oral Medications are an Option

Unlike type 1 diabetes, the treatment options for adults with type 2 diabetes are broader in nature. Each form of oral insulin or anti-diabetic medication has the same goal – to break down sugars and prevent high blood sugar levels from forming. However these prescriptions are divided into different categories, including DPP4 inhibitors, GLP analogs, hormone or incretin mimicking medications and combination therapies (oral prescriptions with insulin injections.)

Lifestyle Changes are Essential

Very few adults develop type 2 diabetes naturally. In most cases, this disease is caused by a combination of factors, including:

  • Obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Genetics (Individuals with unhealthy lifestyles and have family members diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for developing this disease.)

Switching to a diet low in carbohydrates, high in fiber, adding fruits and vegetables and integrating exercise combined with medication therapy is one of the best diabetes treatment options available today. However, if you are diagnosed with high blood sugar related to diabetes, always check with your physician before making any lifestyle changes to avoid complications or unforeseen risk factors.

A proper evaluation by a physician can help you decide between the many diabetes treatment options for adults – basing your choice on your current condition, doctor recommendations and health. By maintaining the suggested medication regimen and making simple lifestyle changes, controlling adult diabetes can be simple and life changing.


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How To Reverse Diabetes
There is a way to reverse type-2 diabetes from getting worse. In fact, you may even be able to reverse diabetes all together if you are lucky and not too far advanced in your condition. It all has to do with eating the right foods and adding the right kinds of physical activity into your lifestyle.

The following guide goes into all the details including your diet, your activity levels, and lifestyle choices and how you can change them to improve your chances at beating type-2 diabetes. Wearing the right shoes will help you stay active but this guide will show you exactly how to improve your situation today.

Click here to review How To Fight Type 2 Diabetes And Win and see if it's right for you.