What Are The Most Effective Diabetes Treatment Options For Children?

A diagnosis of type 1 or juvenile diabetes can be difficult and overwhelming to deal with. A lifelong, incurable disorder, parents are faced with the task of determining the most effective diabetes treatment options for their child. Today, the only medication used to control high sugar levels caused by this condition is insulin – which must be administered via injection. But how do you determine which form of insulin is best, monitor your child’s blood sugar and teach your child about diabetes as they grow?

Choosing a Blood Glucose Meter

Blood sugar monitors are used in children, teens and adults to determine if glucose levels are within normal ranges. In the past, the most commonly used testing site was the finger. However, using this site can be painful for children. Because of this, manufacturers have developed blood sugar meters that use alternate site testing (AST), utilizing areas such as the forearm or palm.

Also, before making a purchase check to ensure the device is easy to use. Eventually, you will need to teach your child how to monitor their glucose levels independently, which will not only teach them healthy living habits, but will also educate them about this disease.

Administering Insulin Injections

Finding the best diabetes treatment options for children requires specialized care, and usually falls outside the treatment range of a general physician. If this disease is discovered while your child is still in the infant stages, a hospital may be used to easily diagnose, manage and care for fluctuating sugar levels. However, many diabetes treatment options follow a standard routine of care, which includes:

  • Infants requiring a minimal amount of injections of insulin, which may not be required for the evening hours.
  • The use of two types of insulin, fast-acting and slow-acting. Both types of insulin have different release rates and last for different periods of time within the body. Slow-acting is used during the evening hours to maintain constant sugar levels while resting, while the alternative is used after meals to regulate blood sugar highs and reactive hypoglycemia.
  • Complications related to diabetes increase with the duration of treatment. This has led to the increasing popularity of insulin pumps. These devices are palm-sized (with the average dimensions of a cell phone) and are attached to the abdomen by a catheter. They automatically inject rapid-acting insulin into the bloodstream at prescribed levels throughout the day. (Older children, teens and adults prefer this device because there is no need to repeatedly inject insulin throughout the day, and it can be easily concealed.)

Effective Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Options for Children

Even though the chances of a child being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is rare, it does happen. Unlike the former type of this disorder, the preferred diabetes treatment option in this case is diet and exercise (with insulin if required.)

Adult oral diabetic medication is not approved for use with children, and the only available choice at this time is Metformin (Glucophage). This prescription can only be administered to those over the age of nine, which places severe limitations on oral diabetes treatment options for children.

Caring for a child diagnosed with diabetes does not need to be complicated or overwhelming. Younger children and infants will require few variations on the most popular diabetes treatment options for effective care. And as a child grows, they can easily learn to manage this condition and symptoms themselves with proper adult supervision.


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